The stressed syllable
Words are made up of syllables. In general, in each word there is a syllable that is pronounced stronger than the others: it is the stressed syllable. The rest of the syllables in the word are unstressed syllables.
For example: bienvenidos ⇒ bien-ve-ni-dos
Stressed syllable ⇒ ni Unstressed syllables ⇒ bien, ve, dos
In some words, a sign called a “tilde” or graphic accent is written over the stressed syllable.
For example: arqueológicas
In order to know which words have accent marks, we must know the accentuation rules, but that will be the subject of another post. At the moment, the best way to learn the pronunciation of words, as in many other languages, will be to listen to audios of native speakers and try to repeat or practice that vocabulary.
CLASSES OF WORDS
- Monosyllables (one syllable)
Examples: sol, mar / sun, sea
- Bisyllables (two syllables)
Examples: llorar, torre / cry, tower
- Trisyllables (three syllables)
Examples: califa, Córdoba, almendra / caliph, Córdoba, almond
- Polysyllables (more than three syllables)
Examples: horizonte, campesino / horizon, peasant
In Spanish, the stressed syllable can occupy different places within a word.
Example: AL MEN DRO
Antepenultimate Penultimate Last
Place place place
Almendro ⇒ stressed syllable in the penultimate place
In Spanish, the stressed syllable can change the meaning of a word. In most cases, the difference in meaning is marked with the use of the graphic accent or “tilde”.
Examples: calle / callé clavo / clavó saco / sacó
Street / I hushed nail / he nailed bag / he removed – took off
- There are languages in which the words do not have a “tilde”.
For example, English
- There are languages in which words can have two “tildes”.
For example, French
- There are languages in which some words have a “tilde” and others do not.
For example, Spanish
In addition to the “tilde” to change the meaning of the words, you can also use spelling changes as we will see in the following list:
- Ola hola wave hello
- Calló cayó he hushed he fell down
- Hasta asta until antler / horn
- Vaya valla go fence
- Tuvo tubo he had tube / pipe
- Abría habría he would open he would have
- Botar votar bounce / launch vote
- Hierba hierva grass boil