Personal pronouns, an introduction
Some words are used to name beings or objects without using nouns. Those words are personal pronouns. The word ella is a personal pronoun.
Personal pronouns name different people and, depending on that, they can be first, second, or third person.
- When naming the person or persons speaking, the pronouns are the first person. For example, yo, nosotros …
- When they name the person or people who listen, the pronouns are the second person. For example, tú, vosotros …
- When they name the person or object that is not the speaker or the listener, the pronouns are the third person. For example, él, ella, ellos, ellas …
|– First person (the one who speaks)|
|– Second person (the one who listens)|
|– Third person (being or object|
that it is neither who speaks nor
Classes of personal pronouns
There are two classes of personal pronouns: stressed and unstressed.
Stressed personal pronouns can appear alone. For example, in response to a question: ¿Quién sabe la respuesta? Yo.
Unstressed personal pronouns, on the other hand, never appear alone, they always accompany a verb. For example, Ana le miró.
When unstressed personal pronouns follow the verb, they join it and form a single word. For example, míralo
Forms of personal pronouns
|FIRST PERSON||SECOND PERSON||THIRD PERSON|
|SINGULAR||Stressed||yo, mí, conmigo||tú, usted, tí, contigo||él, ella, sí, consigo|
|Unstressed||me||te||Se, lo, la, le|
|PLURAL||Stressed||nosotros, nosotras||vosotros, vosotras, ustedes||ellos, ellas, sí, consigo|
|Unstressed||nos||os||se, los, las, les|
The pronouns usted and ustedes are forms of politeness.